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LGBT, a global movement

April 4, 2019

Everyone talks about LGBT but no one really knows who they are and what they stand for.

LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism standing for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. They are the most represented people belonging to that group and usually we know what those terms really mean whether they are homosexual woman or man, or even attracted by both sexes. Even the transgender, which had been added to the term LGB a bit later, is mostly understood by a majority of the population, who knows those people’s personal identity and gender don’t match their birth sex. But if the term has existed since the 1990’s, the LGBT movement has increased a lot since then. In fact, it embodies today a massive diversity of sexuality and gender identity.
As a matter of fact, some derivatives of the original term appeared when the movement started including new members, with the only reason that they were non-heterosexual or non-cisgender. The extended initialism of LGBTQ is used since 1996 to designate the entire group, adding to it the “gender Queer”, which relates to a person who doesn’t agree with conventional gender distinctions and who prefers to identify himself/herself with neither, both or even a combination of male and female genders. It can also refer to one’s questioning about gender identity either in a short period of time or definitely.

But this term of gender queer includes in itself a lot of different categories of gender issues. Non binary people for example considered themselves as neither male nor female, disagreeing also with conventional binary oppositions of homosexual and heterosexual. Some of them even refuse to identify themselves with a fixed gender; they are called the gender fluid. However, this new acronym of LGBTQ integrates also some transgenders derived such as bi-gender who move among feminine and masculine appearance depending on the context. As for tri-gender they transition between male, female and third gender, which corresponds to the social consensus or the will of the person himself/herself, to not be considered as a male or a female.

When it comes to pan-genders, they like not to think themselves belonging to one gender but to all of them at the same time. Finally, the agenders, either called nongendered, genderless, genderfree or neutrois, don’t have a specific gender or recognizable gender expression. But there are also persons who don’t entirely connect one gender identity but just partially. Following the LGBTQ, some people decided to add to this group the Intersex people who have either reproductive organs or external sexual characteristics of both male and female.
This LGBTIQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex, Queer) or LGBT+ movement decided to use or create pronouns considered as more gender neutral to address its members. For example, they use they, them and theirs even as singular pronouns. However, some members want to call themselves with new pronouns such as ze, hir or hirs to substitute to he/him/his and she/her/hers. Moreover, some of them prefer not being called by any pronouns at all, replacing them by their name. Finally, others desire to be addressed with the different pronouns based on how they feel on the given day.


But the LGBT group widening its limits wishes to include to itself every person suffering from gender identity issues such as the gender dysphoria which corresponds to the distress a transgender can experience about sex and gender issues. With this growing media coverage, LGBT members are more and more represented on TV or in the cinema, giving them great hopes to be eventually taken seriously.
To conclude, the LGBT movement message is to be yourself, no matter what people around would think or say, as long as you are fine with what you are. And for those who don’t feel part of this group, the movement asks for respect, tolerance and understanding towards its members.

Marie-Amélie

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