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Barack Obama : A recap on his two presidential terms as the first black president in American history

March 2, 2017

As you know, Donald Trump was elected in last November to be Barack Obama’s sucessor. We are going to have a look back on Barack Obama’s two terms which will leave its mark on America forever.barack-obama

A little biography :
Barack Obama was born on 4th August 1961 in Honolulu in HawaÏ. He was raised by his maternal grand-parents. He’s a half-blood by his black father and his white mother. He studied in Havard and in the university of Columbia. He exerciced various careers before being president : he was a lawyer, then a professor and afterwards an Illinois senator. If you want to know more about his pathway, you can find his autobiography Barack Obama in His Own Words, written by himself.

His two terms :
To begin with, he’s the first black president in American history. After a long past of segregation, his election has been lived as a miracle, a real evolution in America for all black people.

Unemployment rate :
He was deeply involved in his job. The unemployment rate was at 7.9% at the beginning of his first term, in 2008 after an important economic crisis. Today, it has decreased to 4.7%. He had a good impact on the economic health of his country.

Environment :
Amercia is the second country in emission of CO2, after China. So Barack Obama felt very concerned about this field. During his two terms, he wanted  to make America realize all the dangers of this situation. He is at the origin of the Paris agreements in 2015.

Terrorism :

Barack Obama was involved against terrorism. He managed to organize an attack to capture Oussama Ben Laden who was hidden in Pakistan. Special units who are called Navy Seals killed him on 2nd of May 2011 during the operation. It was a day of victory and revenge  for the Americans who have been traumatized by the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York.

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Health :
Obama tried to create a social and medical protection for the precarious people, the “Affordable Care Act” nicknamed “Obama Care”. It has been one of the principal reforms of Obama. It permitted to 20 million of Americans to have access to medical care. But this law has created a big controversy, especially because of Republicans who judge it too expensive and unfair. Donald Trump stopped it as soon as he arrived at the White House and is going to propose another social protection “better” than Obama Care, according to him.

The 2nd amendment :
After a lot of slaughters with firearms and the alarming number of deaths caused by firearms (30000 persons), Obama decided at the beginning of 2016 to make the acquisition of a gun more difficult to prevent a bad use of this amendment which is one of the most important in the USA. He established some psychological tests and to study the criminal records before having the right to have a firearm.

Foreign affairs :
– After a half-century of tensions which started during the Cold War, Obama decided to relaunch a dialogue with Cuba in 2013. It was a big diplomatic victory for the president who, nevertheless, remained careful and declared that he didn’t expect a radical evolution from the regime in Cuba.

U.S. President Barack Obama (R) and President Raul Castro (L) of Cuba shake hands during a bilateral meeting at the United Nations Headquarters on September 29, 2015 in New York City. Castro and Obama are in New York City to attend the 70th anniversary general assembly meetings. (Photo by Anthony Behar-Pool/Getty Images)

U.S. President Barack Obama (R) and President Raul Castro (L) of Cuba shake hands during a bilateral meeting at the United Nations Headquarters on September 29, 2015 in New York City. Castro and Obama are in New York City to attend the 70th anniversary general assembly meetings. (Photo by Anthony Behar-Pool/Getty Images)

– Obama promised before his election to make all the American soldiers come back from Iraq in America. He respected his promise. The last soldier left Iraq on 11th December 2011. However, America wants to keep control on this region because of the risks of terrorist developement. They think of creating a military base to help the population.
– Obama has been critizized for his way to manage the Syrian case. He has been judged too “passive”. It’s going to let a dark mark on the terms of Barack Obama.

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After a ceremony broadcast all around the world, Barack Obama and his administration left the White House on 20th January. Donald Trump, just arrived, has undertaken to destroy all the work of 8 years done by Obama’s administration and describes what Obama leaves as a “mess”. We will see during the next months what’s going to happen in America.
I leave you with Obama’s last speech which was very moving.

https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/politics/100000004864201/watch-live-president-obamas-farewell-speech.html

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Fanny

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