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Demain : Everywhere in the world, solutions exist (part 1)

April 15, 2016

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Demain is a movie which is a kind of documentary. Mélanie Laurent and Cyril Dion are the directors. It’s a documentary about our world and the solutions found in different countries to make it better. Mélanie and Cyril are travelling all around the world to find solutions applied in many countries.

The beginning of the movie set a frightening situation of the world we are living in. A study is mentioned, saying that a part of the population could disappear because of a lack of water and food. It says that WE are currently in THE critical moment.

Rob Hopkins, a teacher in permaculture, raises a paradox: in movies, we have the ability to imagine the worst but not the ability to create and make a movie about what we could do to improve the world. For example, there is no movie that tackles the problem of gas emission.

The movie is divided in five chapters. The first one is agricultureIndeed,  food is crucial given that we need food to live.

The two directors are going to Detroit where the agricultural system collapsed. The number of inhabitants went from 2 million to 700 000, but the ones who stayed remain strong and an association named “Keep Growing Detroit” has been created. The aim of this association is to help people grow veggies and fruit that they can sell to the inhabitants of Detroit only. It’s like a little market. The aim of this is to feed half of the population. Thus, the idea is to start at a small-scale and then create enthusiasm so that people can join the movement.

Then, they go to another town : Todmorden in the United Kingdom. This city is the first to have created a community experience which spread to the whole world. The idea is that there are some vegetable gardens everywhere in the streets of  the city in some unexpected places like on the verges of the road. Indeed, everyone can take what they want and it’s free. These gardens are cultivated by volunteers.  Every vacant land is now used for this purpose. This new concept changed the way of life of the inhabitants.

This idea is opposed to the industrial culture which is not able to produce without destroying nature.

Afterwards, they go back to France, in Normandy to meet two farmers Hervé Gruyer and his wife : they are building a ‘productive farm’. The idea is to use innovative tools and methods to have more yield and to respect the soil. For example, they grow tomatoes and basil together because the basil keeps away parasites which want to eat tomatoes. It creates an eco-system : each plant plays several roles.

The two farmers

This is the end of chapter one which is very optimistic because we see that there are solutions to avoid GMOs and fertilisers, and that way plants can grow naturally and it’s better for the environment and for us.

Chapter two focuses on Energy.

It is said that everything relies on water and the climate change alters the hydrologic cycle.

They go to Danemark, in Copenhagen where coal factories are transformed into biomass factories. That way, they hope that Copenhagen will be autonomous in energy within 10 years and that in 2050, the whole country will be able to be autonomous.

They are inspired by Iceland where the bet is won : this country is no longer using fossil fuels.

Here’s another encouraging figure : in Reunion : 35% of the energy is produced by renewable energies. This is marvelous for the economy too as these renewable energies are free. Indeed, there is no cost.

Here, the movies denounces the worthlessness of some objects such as the new billboards we have in the subway, in Paris. It also exposes the use of cars. For example, still in Copenhagen, 67% of the population does not use a car and cars using petrol will be replaced by cars which will be able to stock the solar energy.

Then, we see another city : San Francisco where a law says that people MUST recycle. Otherwise, they can pay more taxes that others. As a result, 80% of the population recycle. These people see their bills reduced depending on how much they recycle. Indeed, the compost is something paramount because 300 cities in the USA are doing it. This idea is that everything that belonged to the earth goes back to the earth.

The third chapter is linked with something we use everyday, something that structures our world but could be improved. As this article will be written in two parts, I let you guess the next chapter of the movie …

Alexandra

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