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Fashion capitals – Paris the oldest one

November 10, 2015


Last October took place the Paris Fashion week, and being very much interested in this world, I’ve decided to explore a little this world of fashion. Here is what I found out:

Paris is arguably the oldest and most reputable fashion city in the world, with its designer frocks dating as far back as the 18th century. A couple hundred years later, New York City, Milan and London joined the prestigious short list of fashion leaders. They are internationally recognised for having a unique and strong identity. Parisians have the most experience in haute couture. Couturier houses were first established in the city in 1858. The world’s best designers have always operated from Paris. It is currently home to the headquarters of Rochas, Louis Vuitton, Balenciaga, Céline, Yves Saint Laurent, Chanel, Dior, Givenchy, Chloe, Jean-Paul Gaultier, Hermès and Lanvin.

Coco Chanel

First of all, the little black dress was invented in Paris by Coco Chanel in the 1920s. It is now considered as an essential element of any woman’s wardrobe. Moreover, Paris provides the ultimate dose in high-end fashion. In an area bordered by the Champs-Elysées, Avenue Montaigne and Avenue Marceau, visitors can find the world’s top design houses.  Furthermore,  Paris retains a powerful fashion trade union known as the Fédération française de la couture. Created in 1973, the Federation is dedicated to protecting French fashion and consists of three entities – the trade union of high fashion, the trade union of men’s fashion, and the trade union of women’s fashion.  Nevertheless, the bikini was invented in Paris by the French automobile engineer Louis Réard and fashion designer Jacques Heim in 1946. This embodies French styles in simplicity.

Secondly, Paris is home to the world’s foremost fashion school called Ecole de la chambre syndicale de la couture parisienne and to the concept of haute couture. Though it originally referred to Englishman-in-Paris Charles Frederick Worth’s work, the term has become a ‘protected name’ in France, meaning that it can only be used by companies that meet certain well-regulated standards. Plus, some of the most stylish people on the planet were born in Paris, like Brigitte Bardot, Catherine Deneuve,  Jeanne Moreau, Léa Seydoux, Sophie Marceau, Isabelle Adjani, Luc Besson, Emma Watson, …


Paris Fashion Week is a clothing trade show held biannually in Paris, France with spring/summer and autumn/winter events held each year. Dates are determined by the French Fashion Federation. Currently, the Fashion Week is held in the Carroussel du Louvres. Paris Fashion Week is part of the global “Big 4” fashion weeks, the others being London Fashion Week, Milan Fashion Week, New York Fashion Week. The schedule begins with New York, followed by London, and then Milan and ends in Paris. It is a huge thing that is related by the medias. Paris fashion week helps dictate what the world will be wearing next season. For these, and plenty of other reasons, Paris can still rightly claim its title of world fashion capital.


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